INDIAN SOILLESS FARMING INDUSTRY

Aquaponics in an Indian Context

Chinmay Rajwade, Co-founder, FARMVARY

 

Aquaponics is a science that integrates Fish and vegetable farming in such a manner that both fructify better results as compared to when practiced singly. In India, predominantly agriculture and aquaculture are huge sectors and the supply of produce has till date never met demand resulting in constant price hikes. Aquaponics will assist Indian farmers to cultivate fish and plants in same water source and in higher densities. Let us now analyse the challenges faced by Indian Agriculture and Aquaculture and how Aquaponics can provide befitting remedy.

  • Challenge

Reduction in fertile land for farming.

Remedy

Aquaponics eliminates usage of soil in the process of farming, soil is replaced by other inert media such as coco-peat, sponge, clay pebbles or river pebbles. These media agents can be made available anywhere in India, which empowers Indian farmer with an essential component to start Aquaponic farming.

  • Challenge

Scarcity of water in certain regions of the country and heavy dependence on rains for water.

Remedy

Aquaponics, due to its ecological approach, demands recirculation of same water that is being used for cultivation of fish as well as plants. This recirculation allows fish to constantly enjoy freshwater as their natural waste is absorbed by plants to fulfil their nutritional needs. Hence, Aquaponics uses 90% less water as compared to conventional farming methods, also, it produces Fish and plants from the same water source.

  • Challenge

It is a belief in India that farming is only possible in village areas and not in urban areas, hence the produce has to go through a long transportation routes, which leads to higher price and lower quality.

Remedy

Aquaponics, due to its soil free nature, enables farming in any given place. Aquaponics can be competently executed on rooftops, terrace, concrete lands, beach areas, deserts, on an apartment floor etc. Aquaponics generally involves setting up plants in a vertical fashion, which saves substantial amount of space and efforts.

  • Challenge

Labour cost in India is constantly increasing due to unavailability of skilled labour workers, hence majority of Indian farmers are dependent of labour-availability while choosing crop to be produced.

Remedy

Aquaponics, post completion of whole and soul farm, involves minimal human involvement. Majority of task will be feeding the fish, harvesting plant leaves / fruits, testing the water, overlooking the setup etc. An aquaponics farm can be run by a trained unskilled labour worker or by the owner himself can indulge in daily activities. It is proven that human involvement in Aquaponics plays a vital role, also the tasks to be executed result in delight.

  • Challenge

Lowered income of Indian farmers due to low prices of vegetables

Remedy

Aquaponics involves cultivation of vegetables and fish both at the same time, hence the income is naturally doubled. Also, due to elimination of soil, farmer can grow such crops that are not grown in local areas, for example, growing tomatoes in such an area where wheat or rice are the dominant crops can attract higher prices and better income for farmer. Aquaponics, when planned and executed meticulously, will attract very high income for the farm owner.

  • Challenge

Dependence on natural weather condition on growing and selecting crops.

Remedy

Aquaponics can be practiced in a commercial setup such as artificially cooled polyhouse, wherein, weather control in feasible. In such a setup, dependence on weather condition is eliminated up to a certain degree, allowing farmer to grow in such a season when conventional farmers are unable to farm, this leads to achieving higher price for the produce. A polyhouse allows farmer to produce vegetables throughout the year, which certainly increases monetary income of the farmer.

Indian Agriculture sector faces numerous challenges which are impossible to enlist, We, at farmvary strongly believe that Aquaponics will assist Indian farmers to overcome those challenges as we go ahead. In case you are facing any challenge in your current farming practice, kindly write to us or call us so that we can get in touch with you and suggest or provide you with a befitting Aquaponic solution for respective challenges problems.

Aquaponics has an innate capability which allows the farm to improve itself as it grows old, Indian Agriculture will similarly improve itself by adapting to innovative methodologies such as Aquaponics.

 

 

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